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Information About COVID-19 Vaccinations

Updated:2021年3月1日更新 print

1. Purpose

 The purpose of the vaccination is to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus by minimizing deaths and severe illness from the disease.

2. Vaccination period

 From February 17, 2021 to the end of February, 2022.
 Medical workers, etc. are given first priority to get vaccinated. Then, older adults and those with underlying health conditions will be vaccinated, in that order.
 Some local governments will start the vaccination of older adults on April 12. Initially, the number of recipients and local governments that will administer vaccinations will be limited, but this will increase gradually.

3. Eligible people and priority groups for vaccination

 Vaccinations will be administered in following order.
(1) Medical workers, etc.
(2) Older adults (those born before April 1, 1957 and those turning 65 years of age during 2021)
(3) Those with underlying health conditions and health care staff working in elderly care facilities, etc.
(4) Those not covered by (1)–(3).

4. Vaccination schedule

 Two doses are administered for this vaccine.
 The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine usually requires the second dose to be given three weeks after the first dose.
 If three weeks have passed since the first dose, make sure you receive the second dose as soon as possible.

5. Agreement between the vaccination provider and recipient

 The COVID-19 vaccination is not compulsory. To get vaccinated, each recipient must receive proper information on the vaccine. The vaccine can only be administered when the recipient understands and accepts the terms of the agreement.
 Each vaccine recipient must understand the possible effects/side effects and decide to receive the shot themselves. The vaccination will not be administered without the consent of the recipient.
 Do not force employees to receive the vaccination at work or others to get vaccinated.

6. Cost

 During this period, the COVID-19 vaccination will be administered free of charge. (Fully covered by the government)
 Caution on scams that involve impersonating personnel of an administrative agency. Local governments never ask for personal information by phone or email.

7. Vaccination locations

 In general, vaccinations will be administered at medical institutions based on where the recipient lives (registered residential address) or sites designated by the local government. The specific locations are now being decided.

8. Side effects after vaccination

 Generally, all vaccines, including the COVID-19 vaccine, can produce side effects as the body develops its immunity to the disease. For example, potential side effects are pain at the injection site, fever, and headaches. In very rare cases, some people experience serious side effects that require treatment or lead to severe disability. The risk of suffering side effects is unavoidable. (Health damage caused by preventive vaccination is subject to the relief system. For more details, read Part 9.)
 According to domestic clinical trials with the newly approved vaccine, approximately 80% of participants who received two doses had pain at the site of injection, about 33% experienced fever of 37.5 degrees or higher, and about 60% suffered from fatigue/tiredness. It is reported that the rate of anaphylaxis (an acute allergic reaction to the components of the vaccine) is about five cases/million doses after marketing in the United States.
 In Japan, medical workers carefully observe each recipient for 15–30 minutes after the vaccination. In case of anaphylaxis, the patient is treated immediately.

9. The relief system for people whose health is damaged due to vaccine side effects

 All vaccines can cause serious side effects that can lead to severe health damage (illness or disability) although this is very rare. The risk of suffering side effects is unavoidable, which is why the relief system was introduced for those who suffer vaccine side effects.
 Those whose health is damaged by side effects to the COVID-19 vaccine will be eligible for the relief system in accordance with the Immunization Act. We are currently preparing a consultation desk for residents. The consultation desk will answer specific questions such as how to treat swelling on the arm three days after receiving the vaccination.

10. Contact information

Inquiries about COVID-19 vaccination measures, etc.
(COVID-19 vaccine consultation desk of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)
 Phone: 0120-761770 (toll free)
  Operation Hours: 9:00 to 21:00 (Every day including Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays)

Novel Coronavirus Vaccines(Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet)

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